Dental Implants have now become more common than before. Dentists use dental implants for patients who have their tooth root failed because of tooth damage or decay. Dental implants provide foundations for a tooth removal. It can treat one tooth or a complete set.
Who Can Get Dental Implants?
Anyone who can undergo oral surgery or a routine dental extraction is healthy enough for dental implants. The patient should have healthy gums and bones that have the strength to hold and support the implants. They should also commit to good oral practices and regular visits. However, a dental implant is not necessary for everyone. Most of the dental issues are treatable with tooth extraction, bridges, and surgeries. But when you require a tooth replacement, the dental implant becomes necessary.
General Considerations Before Dental Implant
The basic procedure for the dental implant is the same. However, certain considerations and precautions can vary depending upon the patient’s condition. Some health conditions can interfere with dental implant surgery, increase the risk of failure. Patients who have poor oral hygiene, diabetes, or are heavy smokers are at greater risk of developing gum infections after the dental implant.
Dental Implant Procedure
- First, the dentist removes the tooth.
- Then they make an incision on the gums over the crest of the bone. The incision allows the splitting of the gum region (attached gingiva) in half. This creates two flaps of the gingiva.
- The dentist then pushes back the flaps of the gingiva to expose the bone.
- Next, the dentist will mark the pilot holes on the bone and make precision drill at high speed. A highly regulated speed is used to prevent burning or breaking of the bone due to the pressure.
- After three to seven successive drilling steps, the pilot hole widens, and the dentist continues drilling at slower speed now.
- During all the drilling, an assistant will keep spraying cold water or saline to prevent the temperature from getting high. Overheating in the mouth can damage the bone tissues.
- The dentist will then place an implant metal post with a self-tapping screw.
- If a self-tapping screw is not available, then the surgeon taps the implant using an implant analog. Final screwing is achievable with a torque controlled wrench which prevents overloading on the surrounding bone.
- Then the dentist will stitch the flaps of the gingival and give your gums some time to heal.
- The gingival heals and adapts around the metal implant. After healing, a thick band of tissues grow around the implant.
- Then thee dentist will come to the tooth replacement procedure. The flaps will re-open and further drilling may be required.
Depending upon the healing and conditions of bone and gums, your dentist will choose when to add a tooth or new teeth to the implant. The placement can be immediate, early loading, or delay loading. Delay loading implants take three months or more.
Dental implants are durable and improve oral health. It is worth the time and pain you go through to remove damaged teeth. Maintaining good hygiene, and regular care will make the dental implant last longer with no risk of infection.