Wisdom tooth extraction is the surgical process for removing the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth are the last four permanent teeth that erupt in late teens or early twenties. For some people, wisdom teeth come out normally without any problem. But those with impacted wisdom teeth must remove them before they cause further problems.
Why Is Wisdom Tooth Extraction Necessary?
When the wisdom teeth have no room to grow, the following events can happen:
- They can trap within the jaw. This can cause an infection or a cyst in the gums or bones.
- The wisdom teeth could emerge partially from the gums. The partially emerged teeth allow a passageway for bacteria to enter and infect the inside of the gums.
- When wisdom teeth have less space to grow, they can even cause overcrowding. They can cause damage to the nearby teeth due to overcrowding. Crowding of wisdom teeth may even make it hard to brush your teeth.
Why Do Young People Get Wisdom Tooth Extraction Before It Comes Out
It is better to extract the wisdom tooth at a young age before it even comes out. Firstly, extracting wisdom teeth at a young age does not leave any risk of having impacted wisdom teeth. Why go through all the trouble and pain of impacted teeth when you can have a dentist pull it out before?
Secondly, wisdom teeth extraction has fewer complications in younger age than in older age when the teeth are about to erupt or have already come out. The recovery of the gums is faster at a young age.
Is Wisdom Tooth Extraction Painful?
Wisdom tooth removal and extraction both can be painful. However, your dentist will either give you local anesthesia, general anesthesia, or sedatives.
What is the Procedure for Wisdom Tooth Extraction?
- Your dentist will first give you anesthesia or sedative.
- Then they will make an incision in your gums and teeth bone to reveal the wisdom tooth.
- The dentist will remove the bone that covers the access to the root of the tooth.
- They may cut the tooth into pieces for easy extraction.
- The dentist will then remove the tooth.
- They will clean the site form where the tooth is removed, clearing away the debris.
- You will get stitches on the gums.
- Your dentist will place a gauze over the extraction site for healing and to prevent blood clotting.
What Happens After Wisdom Tooth Extraction?
You will experience bleeding after the first day of surgery. Avoid excessive spitting; you do not want to dislodge the blood clot form the gum socket. Replace the gauze on the extraction site as per the instructions of your dentist.
For managing pain place cold pack over your cheek, it helps to reduce the swelling. You can take over the counter medications that contain acetaminophen. Take maximum rest for the next 24 hours. Drink lots of fluid but avoid carbonated drinks and hot beverages. Do not use a straw for about a week. Sucking can also dislodge the blood clot form gum socket. Brush your teeth gently avoiding the area of tooth extraction.